Home > Ibadah (Worship) in Islam > The Meaning of ‘Ibadah

The Meaning of ‘Ibadah

Allah Ta’ala states in His Book:
“I did not create the Jinn, nor mankind, except to worship Me.”
[Quran 51:56]

 


Imam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said,

“Ibadah is a collective term for everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with from amongst sayings and inward and outward actions.”

“Ibadah is obedience to Allaah by carrying out what He has commanded through tongues of His Messengers.”



“Worship (al-‘Ibaadah) is obedience to Allaah by following that which He ordered upon the tongues of His Messengers.” He also said, “Worship (al-‘Ibaadah) is a comprehensive term covering everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with – whether saying, or actions, outward and inward.”

[Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (10/149)]



Imam Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) – said:

“Worship revolves around fifteen principles. Whosoever completes them has completed the stages of ‘uboodiyyah (servitude to Allaah). The explanation of this is that ‘ibaadah is divided between the heart, the tongue, and the limbs.”

[Madaarijus-Saalikeen (1/109)]

Imaam al-Qurtubee (rahimahullaah) – said:

“The root of ‘ibaadah is humility and submissiveness. The various duties that have been prescribed upon the people are called ‘ibaadaat (acts of worship), since what is required is that these acts of worship must be done with humility and submissiveness to Allaah – the Most High.”

[Al-Jaami’ li-Ahkaamil-Qur’aan (1/225), and (17/56) of al-Qurtubee]

Imam Ibn Katheer (rahimahullaah) said:

“And ‘ibaadah is obedience to Allaah by acting upon what He commands, and abandoning what He forbids; and this is the reality and essence of Islaam. And the meaning of Islaam is: istislaam (submission and surrender) to Allaah – the Most High – along with the utmost compliance, humility, and submissiveness to Him.”

He also said whilst explaining the above aayah:

“Indeed Allaah – the Most High – created the creation so that they could worship Him alone, without associating any partner with Him. Whoever obeys Him will be completely rewarded, whereas whoever disobeys Him would be punished with a severe punishment. And He has informed that He is neither dependant, nor does He have any need for them. Rather, it is they who are in dire need of Him, in every condition and circumstance, since He is the One who created, sustains, and provides for them.”

[Tafseerul-Qur’aanil-‘Adtheem (7/402)]

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