Objective Morality and Existence of God
Before reading the rest of this post it will necessary for you to agree that there are certain things that are 100% right and certain things that are 100% wrong. That these things are right or wrong no matter who you are, how you were raised, what culture you were raised in, what the trend in society is… etc.
This is what objective morality means that things are good or bad ragardless of human perception, experience, time, place or consensus.
If God does not exist, then objective moral values do not exist
Humanist philosopher Paul Kurtz aptly puts it, “The central question about moral and ethical principles concerns this ontological foundation. If they are neither derived from God nor anchored in some transcendent ground, are they purely ephemeral?”
Social Pressures & Evolution
Paul Kurtz is right because God is the only conceptual anchor that transcends human subjectivity, so without God there is no rational basis for objective morality. Therefore if in a secular society God is divorced from these issues then, in His absence, there are only two possible alternative conceptual foundations.
1. Social pressures
Evolution is problematic, in that it dictates that we are just accidental by products of a lengthy evolutionary process, and that we acquire moral understanding gradually. Michael Ruse, a philosopher of science from the University of Guelph, writes,
“Morality is a biological adaptation no less than are hands and feet and teeth… Morality is just an aid to survival and reproduction . . . and any deeper meaning is illusory.”
In other words we are just animals, and animals have no moral paradigm. When we see a tiger chase a deer eventually catching it and then ripping its flesh, we do not say that the tiger is acting immorally, rather we are saying that it was acting in accordance to its nature. Evolution as as a basis for objective morals is without foundation because according to this perspective we change our morality as we change in nature.
Social pressures provide no basis for objective morality as they change with time and place. Any reader in social science and social constructionism will easily conclude the relative nature of social pressures.
So without God there can be no rational basis for morality. God as a concept is not subjective therefore having God as basis for morality makes them binding and objective. The following statement by Richard Taylor, an eminent ethicist, correctly concludes,
“Contemporary writers in ethics, who blithely discourse upon moral right and wrong and moral obligation without any reference to religion, are really just weaving intellectual webs from thin air; which amounts to saying that they discourse without meaning.”
Logical coherence of this argument
1. God is the only conceptual anchor that transcends human subjectivity
2. Atheism doesn’t believe in God
3. Therefore according to the atheistic view morals are subjective
Another way of putting it is as follows:
1. If God does not exist, objective morals do not exist
2. Objective morals do exist
3. Therefore God exists
Source: Hamza Andreas Tzortziz