Part 2: Ulama of India on the Importance of Khilafah- Khilafat Movement
Maulana Mohammad Ali Johar, a founder of the Khilafat movement said about the Khilafah:
“The ruler of Turkey was the Khalifah or successor of the Prophet and Amir -ul- Mu’mineen or chief of the believers and the Khilafah is as essentially our religious concern as the Quran or the Sunnah of the Prophet.” [Johar, Mohammed Ali, My Life a Fragment pg.41]
Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad wrote a book in 1920 called ‘The Issue of Khilafat’, he stated:
“Without the Khilafah the existence of Islam is not possible, the Muslims of India with all their effort and power need to work for this.”
In the same book page 176 Maulana Azad said:
“There are two types of ahkam shariah, the first is related to the individual like the commands and prohibitions, the fara’id (obligations) and wajibat in order to perfect oneself. The second is not related to the individual but is related to the Ummah, nation, collective obligations and state politics like the conquering of lands, political and economic laws.”
The following are some key points from a declaration made at a conference held for the UIema in India on 5th & 6th April 1920, in which many Ulema and people attended:
- Point 1 of the declaration: The Ulema must work to establish a public opinion for the issue of Khilafah.
- Point 2: The hypocrite (munafiq) scholars and those scholars against this issue must be boycotted.
- Point 7: The Ulema must obtain an oath from their followers that they will exert their lives and hearts by speaking and writing in support of the issue of Khilafah.
- Point 9: Muslims must keep away from the constitutional elections.
The students of Sheikh ul Hind, Maulana Mahmud al Hassan from Darul Uloom Deoband under his guidance left the Darul Uloom and went from city to city, village to village to collect money for the Balkan war which the Khilafah was fighting in 1912. They collected a huge amount and many people from the Ummah left their homes for this cause. Every day Maulana Mahmud used to quote a hadith about Jihad, this motivated the students greatly to the extent that some people even called for the closing of the Darul Uloom. People said by doing these actions we will be seen in a bad light by the government. Maulana Mahmud replied to this, by stating that reaction also happened in the time of his teacher (Ustadh) and his reply was, ‘The Darul Uloom was established to look after the Deen, if the Deen is harmed then what is the point of the Darul Uloom’. The account of the money collected by them for the Balkan war was published in the famous paper at that time ‘Pesha Lahore’.
Deobandi ‘Ulema Raised Funds for the Uthmani Khilafah :
This is an extract from the book Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims, the Ottomans and Britain (1877-1924) by Azmi Ozcan. It shows how the Deobandi Ulema gave massive financial aid to the Uthmani Khilafah in its war against Russia in 1877. It shows the commitment and support of the Deobandi Ulema to the Khilafah.
“The Official Ottoman register, Defter-i Iane-i Hindiyye, which was specially compiled and submitted to the inspection of Abdulhamid, reveals valuable information about the organizations and individuals who were active in raising subscriptions for the relief funds. The register shows that the Indian Muslims had formed many societies for the purpose of rendering relief to the Ottomans. They were mainly under the names of the Anjuman-i Islam (which was the most common), the Anjuman-iTeeyyid-i Turkiye, (the Society of Aid to Turkey), and the Meclis-i Mueyyid-i Islamiyya, (the Assembly of Islamic Aid). Again, institutions of religious education, especially the Daru’l-Ulum Deoband, were most enthusiastically involved in this endeavour. The staff and the students of Deobandi Seminary not only themselves contributed largely but also invited others and indeed organized the collection of funds. The Ottoman documents often referred to the efforts of moulvis Muhammad Qasim (1833-1877), Muhammed Refi ud-Din, Muhammed Yaqub (d. 1886), and Muhammad Abid among the teachers (mudarrisun) of the Daru’l-Ulum Deoband.”
(p 69-70 of “Pan-Islamism” by Azmi Ozcan)
Thus, we can see the ‘Ulema were concerned to ensure the continuation of the Khilafah until the very end. We pray that the ‘Ulema throughout the world today become the foremost workers for the re-establishment of the Khilafah since they are the people of knowledge and the inheritors of the Prophets.