Home > Imam ibn Hajr al-Asqalani > Explanation of the Words ‘The Dunya is a Prison for the Believer’‏

Explanation of the Words ‘The Dunya is a Prison for the Believer’‏

Below is an Explanation By Imaam Ibn Hajr Al-Asqalaani of the meaning of the words of the Prophet Muhammed (ﷺ) :

“The Dunya is like a Prison for the Believer (Mu’min)”

It is mentioned that when al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr was the chief justice (of Egypt), One day he was passing through the market with a caravan, looking well groomed.

So a Jew who was selling hot oil,  looking very disheveled and dirty because of the oil,  accosted him by grabbing the reins of his (ibn Hajr’s) mule saying,

“Yaa Shaykhul-Islaam, you claim that your prophet said that the dunyaa is a prison for the mu’min and a jannah for the kaafir; so what type of prison are you in and what type of jannah am I in?”

He (Ibn Hajr -rahimahullah) replied,

“Regarding what Allaah has prepared for me in the hereafter from its bliss, then it is as if I am in prison, and with regards to what Allaah has prepared for you in the hereafter from its punishment, then it is as if you are in jannah.”

At which point the Jew became a Muslim.

(Faydhul-Qadeer: 3/546)

 

 

  1. May 16, 2012 at 5:07 pm

    Salam,

    I read the following hadith quoted by you on Ummah website. I had read it elsewhere on Facebook where on Sahih Muslim was written as a reference. The hadith is:

    The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever initiates a good practice (sunnah hasanah) in Islam and is emulated by others in doing so will get the reward of it and the reward of all those who act upon it without their rewards being diminished in any respect. And whosoever initiates an evil practice (sunnah sayyi’ah) in Islam and is emulated by others will bear the sin of it and the sin of all those who act on it without their burden being diminished in the least. ”

    My search for authentication of this hadith led me to Ummah forum where the following reference number was given:

    [Sahîh Muslim: (1017)]

    When I searched further, it turned out that there is following hadith for this number. Can you please tell me if this hadith is really mentioned in Muslim, and if yes, what is the reference number to it?

    Sahih Muslim Book 004, Hadith Number 1017.
    Sahih Muslim Book 04. Prayer Chapter : The excellence of the prayer and the way it is begun and the excellence of Ruku’ and moderation in it and prostration and moderation in it, etc.

    Abu Juhaifa reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) went at noon towards al-Batha’, he performed ablution, and said two rak’ahs of the Zuhr prayer and two of the ‘Asr prayer, and there was a spear in front of him. Shu’ba said and Aun made this addition to it on the authority of his father Abu Juhaifa: And the woman and the donkey passed behind it.

    Can you please tell me the reference for this hadith?

    Best wishes,

    Anis

    • May 16, 2012 at 5:44 pm

      Wa alaykum salaam

      I found the following reference:

      فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ مَنْ سَنَّ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً فَلَهُ أَجْرُهَا وَأَجْرُ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَىْءٌ وَمَنْ سَنَّ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً كَانَ عَلَيْهِ وِزْرُهَا وَوِزْرُ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ مِنْ أَوْزَارِهِمْ شَىْءٌ ‏”‏

      The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He who sets a good precedent in Islam, there is a reward for him for this (act of goodness) and reward of that also who acted according to it subsequently, without any deduction from their rewards; and he who sets in Islam an evil precedent, there is upon him the burden of that, and the burden of him also who acted upon it subsequently, without any deduction from their burden.

      English reference: Sahih Muslim, Book of Zakat, Book 5, Hadith 2219
      Arabic reference: Book 13, Hadith 2398
      Full hadith: http://sunnah.com/urn/222190

      A similar narration is also in Sunan an-Nasai (see: http://sunnah.com/urn/1077320)

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