Shariah Law, Islamic State & Jihad
Taught by Shaykh Akram Nadwi
(8 Feb 2014 at Queen Mary University, London)
THESE ARE JUST PERSONAL NOTES AND HAVE NOT BEEN REVIEWED BY SHAYKH AKRAM.
The shaykh began the topic by highlighting how much he respects and admires Imam Hasan al-Banna Shaheed, Maulana Maududi and Sayyid Qutb Shaheed. Nadwatul Ulama movement actually pioneered the translation of Maulana Maududis works to Arabic which then had a big impact on Sayyid Qutb Shaheed. Shaykh Akram respects the efforts of these great thinkers, he has read their works many times, memorised parts of Milestones and he mentioned how he has been moved to tears reading some of their writings. The purpose of mentioning this was so that people do not think he is speaking from biased perspective when criticising.
It is important to unite despite of differences. The purpose of teaching is not to make everyone follow you. [Shaykh Akram regularly mentions this in his seminars emphasising that if someone feels they have a better argument then they can discuss, but people should think properly and then either agree knowingly or disagree knowingly].
Maulana Maududi, Imam Hasan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb were the first to present political Islam as a focus Read more…
We have no other choice but to spend our life in this world. When we are hungry we need to eat, when we are thirsty we need to drink, we need housing and means to earn a living. If we have to do all these things then how is it possible not to get attracted by this world? It seems very difficult. But it is the Prophets and their vicegerents who taught us how to live in this world without getting attracted to it. A true Muslim would live in this world fulfilling all his social duties but at the same time he would avoid getting attracted by it.
How do we acquire such a state of mind that we remain in this world, get involved in all the necessary affairs, yet not get attracted by it?
This very thing has been explained Read more…
Allah ta’ala has made this heart in such a way that it can have in it only one true love. There can be several relationships as and when necessary but true love can only be one, other Love cannot be of the same degree. For this reason the Prophet (salallahu ‘alayhi wasalam) said about Hazrat Abu Bakr (radiallahu ‘anhu):
“Had I made a friend (khalil) in this world I would have befriended (took as a khalil) Abu Bakr. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No.466]
The Prophet’s (salallahu ‘alayhi wasalam) relationship with Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiallahu ‘anhu) was so strong that Read more…
Sometimes a desire springs up in a man’s heart to vie with a man who is doing some good deed, but at the same time he begins to feel that he is not equal to that task. He is not worthy of the sublime deed the other fellow is doing. When such discouraging ideas deter a man from virtuous deeds he should act upon the hadith which states seek Allah taala’s help and do not admit (in you) disability for the deed. Have full reliance on Allah Taala who will make the deed easy for you.
It is related about the righteous men that they offer the Tahajjud (Qiyamul Layl, night prayer) salat and make supplications before Allah at that blessed time of the night. You may also feel a desire to offer the Tahajjud salat and reap its blessings, but at the same time your weakness and inability keep you away from this task. In such a situation you should not surrender yourself to such discouraging thoughts, but should pray to Allah Taala hopefully that He may bestow upon you the necessary courage and strength to offer the Tahajjud salat and reap its blessings.
When a man prays to Almighty Allah for help to do some good deed his prayer is sure to bring him one of the two alternative gains. Either Allah Taala will help the man to perform the deed, or He shall grant him the reward for the deed. This is proved by a hadith.
The Noble Prophet (salallahu ’alayhi wasalam) has said in a hadith:
If a man prays with heart-felt sincerity for the honour of martyrdom, Allah grants him, by His mercy, that honour, even if he dies (at home) on his bed.
My respected father, Mufti Muhammad Shafi (rahmatullah ‘alayh) once related this incident of an ironsmith:
After the death of Hadrat Abdullah ibn Mubarak (rahmatullah ‘alayh) someone saw him in a dream  and asked him what happened to him after his death. In reply he said that Allah Taala was very kind to him, He forgave him and granted him a status which he hardly deserved. He added that he could, however, not get the status which was granted to the ironsmith who lived in the house opposite his.
On getting up from his sleep the person who had the dream felt a desire to find out who that ironsmith was and what righteous deed he did to supersede Hadrat Abdullah ibn Mubarak (rahmatullah ‘alayh) in the hereafter. This man then called at the house of the ironsmith Read more…
Ancient religions, especially Christianity, had divided life into two watertight compartments- temporal and spiritual- and the world into “men of the world” and “men of faith” which were not only seperate, but perpetually at war with each other. According to them, there was an intense rivalry between faith and the material world, and whoever chose one was compelled to give up the other and fight against it. No one, they asserted, could be both at the same time. Economic progress was not possible without the neglect of God-given laws, and power and rule could not be gained without giving up moral and religious precepts. In the same way, it was totally out of the question to think of piety and religiosness without renouncing the world Read more…
Do not hurt any creature, specially a human being, and most importantly, a Muslim, by any word or action of yours. Just as doing every act for the sake of Allah is the very essence of true faith, avoidance of causing hurt to anyone is the gist of Allah’s commands. Whichever principle of the Shari’ah you might ponder over, you will find this factor common in some form or the other: the Hudud punishments, the rules regarding divorce, the principles of commercial transactions and social intercourse. This is a very pervasive principle, so much so that it extends even to very minute matters. Hence people have been told not to conceal anyone else’s objects even by way of a practical joke, or even point a weapon at anyone, nor to occupy the seat of someone who has gone away for a short while, nor to jump over other people’s heads to find a place in the front rows of a congregation; nor to peep into other people’s homes, nor pry into the affairs of others, nor read someone else’s mail, nor get up at night in a way that would disturb others. Indeed, the principle is of such wide-ranging application that it is simply not possible to enumerate all such instances. Simply stated, make this principle your guiding light and the scale of all moral judgment: that you shall not cause any injury to anyone by your words or deeds. In dealing with others this should be your guiding principle. Read more…
Strive to become Allah’s sincere devotees. On the one hand there should be no worldly act that is not done as an act of servitude to Allah, not even such acts as sleeping, eating, dressing, speaking and laughing. The Prophet, blessings and peace be upon him, engaged in all these acts. But he was God’s devotee par excellence. As a consequence of that, every facet of his life, even the most ordinary of chores, was an act of devotion to Allah. It is important that every act of life should be for the sake of Allah, and for His Pleasure alone, as the Qur’an says: “And of men is he who would give himself away to seek the pleasure of Allah…” (al-Baqarah 2:207).
Without such spirit, even the most religious of acts — prayers, reciting the Qur’an, martyrdom, and infaq (spending in the way of Allah) — would all be merely worldly acts. Imbued with this spirit of total dedication, even the smallest religious act, and all acts of worldly life, would stand heavy in the scale of Divine Justice. If you are able to achieve this state of sincerity, even a little effort would suffice in imparting the colour of Allah in your life and soul. All the evils of the world — in men’s souls, in their lives, in their mutual relationships — have their roots in lack of sincerity. Lack of sincerity in matters pertaining to religious activities specially leads to very evil effects.
Designate your niyyah (intent) purely for Allah and strive always to keep it so. This brief and simple prescription is the gist of true religious faith and of the desire to shape your life completely according to that mould. It is also the most effective formula to remember Allah at all times. This is the perpetual dliikr (remembrance), one that suffices for all occasions.
Taken from: “Dying and Living for Allah: The Last Will of Khurram Murad”